The Polaroid SX-70 is an instant film folding single lens reflex Land Camera first produced by the Polaroid Corporation in 1972. It was the first instant SLR in history, and the first camera to use Polaroid’s new integral print film, which developed automatically without the need for intervention from the photographer. This was revolutionary at the time, and a precursor to today’s 600 and Spectra films.
It has a folding body design, a 4-element 116mm f/8 glass lens, and an automatic exposure system. The camera allows manual focus as close as 10.4 inches (26.4cm), and has a shutter speed range from 1/175s to more than 10 seconds.
The top of the face contains two adjustment wheels. The right hand side one is used for focusing, the left is used for darken and light control.
Polaroid made external flash units that plugged into this socket. As well as the folding SLR model, a variety of non-folding, ‘consumer’-type models were released that also used to SX-70 integral film.
One of the key features that made the SX-70 so important was its folding design. Unlike traditional bulky cameras of the time, the SX-70 could be collapsed into a compact and portable size, making it highly convenient for photographers to carry and use on the go. This innovation in design set the stage for future generations of portable cameras.
Moreover, the SX-70 introduced the concept of integral instant film, which was a game-changer in the world of photography. This type of film contained all the necessary chemicals required for image development within its layers. With the SX-70, photographers could take a photo, watch it develop before their eyes, and share it instantly without the need for a darkroom or additional processing.
The Polaroid’s appeal and desirability have endured over the years due to its unique blend of vintage charm and artistic capabilities. Its ability to produce distinctive, dreamy, and nostalgic-looking photographs has captured the hearts of many photography enthusiasts and artists. The square format, soft focus, and rich colors produced by the SX-70 film continue to evoke a sense of timeless beauty and creativity.
Furthermore, the SX-70’s influence can be seen in the modern resurgence of instant photography. Its innovative features laid the foundation for subsequent Polaroid models and inspired other manufacturers to create their own instant cameras. Today, despite the advancements in digital photography, the Polaroid SX-70 holds a special place in the hearts of collectors, vintage camera enthusiasts and creatives who appreciate the tactile and unique experience it offers.
Note: This post was made researching information based on different websites like camerapedia, wikipedia, camera-wiki, emulsive, lomography, xataka, pintandoconluz, camaras sin fronteras and many more. On the other hand, all the photographers allowed us to post their photos on Instagram. All the illustrations are made by us and we don’t allow the use of any illustrations without permission. Finally, if you have more information or you think we made a mistake, please send us a mail.
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